Ultimate Paint Pointers
 
SAVING FILES

When Ultimate Paint saves an edited BW (black-and-white) bitmap (.bmp) file, the default color mode is Monchrome (as in "one color") which is fine if you have not added color, but useless and extremely frustrating otherwise.  Once you select File > Save, be sure to select/change/check the mode under Colors before saving!  Select 16 Colors for a minimum file size for colored bitmap images.

When Ultimate Paint saves a file more than once in the same location, the program retains the initial or previous file as a backup using a suffix like "._JP" or "._BM".  If you are saving to a diskette, there may not be sufficient space for a new version of a file previously saved on the diskette.  No warning will appear!  The new file on the diskette may be corrupted or incomplete.  It is recommended that you save files to a hard drive or a flash drive.  Delete backup files periodically to conserve space.  Copy or save the final version of the file to a blank/empty diskette or to a flash drive if a portable file is required.

COLORING BITMAP FILES

Only regions in BW (black-and-white) bitmap (.bmp) files can be colored uniformly.  To convert a BW jpeg (.jpg) file to a bitmap file, run Ultimate Paint.  Select File > Open.  Locate, then open the desired file.  Select File > Save As.  Change Save as type to Windows bitmap (*.bmp), click on Monochrome under Colors, then press the Save button.  Close, then reopen the new bitmap file!  If you Zoom in using the up/down arrows to the right of the magnifying glass on the Standard Functions Bar, you will find that all greyscale pixels have been removed or replaced.  [If the Standard Functions Bar is absent, press F6 (or select Options > Standard Functions).]  A comparison to the original jpeg file is recommended.  Experiment with coloring the same region in both files.  Zoom in for a closeup view.

To color any bitmap (.bmp) file, run Ultimate Paint.  If no Tool Bar is present, press F5 (or select Options > Tool Bar).  Select File > Open.  Locate, then open the desired file.  [To minimize file size, begin with lower resolution files.]  Press F8 (or select Options > Palette) to reveal the Palette window.  Select one of the 16 colors at the top of the Palette.  [It is recommended that you stick to these colors to minimize file size.]  Color the desired region(s) with the Paintbucket tool in the Tool Bar.  [Place the tip of the arrow in the region.] Zoom as required using the up/down arrows on the Standard Functions Bar as described above.  Use the scroll bars on the window to view a specific region.  Change colors as required using the Palette or by inserting the Eyedropper (in the Tool Bar) in a colored region.  When done, select File > Save As.  Save your file under the same name or under a new name to a diskette in Drive A or to a hard or flash drive (see SAVING FILES above).

** Remember! The default is monochrome.  Click on 16 Colors under Colors before saving! **

PRINTING FILES

To print a file, select File > Print.  Change the Page Orientation and Properties (paper size) if required.  Change (enter) the Width under Image Size as desired.  If Keep Aspect Ratio is selected, the Height will be changed proportionately.  Or select Fit to Page under Image Size for the largest possible image.  Then press the Print button.

IMAGE SIZE

Choose Image > Information (Control-I) to obtain the exact width (SizeX) and height (SizeY) of an image.  If the numbers seem high, it's because they represent the dimensions in pixels.  In the Tools window (see the graphic below), a resolution of 200 DPI indicates a resolution of 200 pixels or "dots" per inch.  A SizeX = 40 at 200 DPI corresponds to a width of 40/200 = 0.2 inches.  Internet images are generally jpeg (.jpg) files with a resolution of 72 DPI.

RESIZING AN IMAGE

You may want to set the exact size of an image.  To do this, choose Image > Resize to reveal the Resize tab in the Tools window.  Here, you can set the exact width (SizeX) and height (SizeY) in pixels.  If you want the entire image to be resized equally, instead of stretched in one direction, make sure that Keep Aspect Ratio is check-marked.  You can also change the resolution by accessing the DPI scroll bar.

CROPPING

When you crop an image, you're keeping only the part of the image that you have selected.  To crop an image, select the desired part of the image using the Marquee tool (in the Tool Bar) to click and drag on the image.  Then choose Image > Crop and a new window will appear with only the piece you've selected.

To get a better idea of the location of the mouse cursor when you're selecting a piece of an image, you can look at the pixel coordinate position.  Choose Options > Preferences, click on the Interface tab, then set the Measurement Unit drop-down box to Pixel.  The (X,Y) coordinates of the mouse cursor (in the bottom left-hand corner of the window) will now be displayed in pixels (see the graphic below).

The X and Y coordinates represent pixels in the image.  For example, if your image has 640 x 480 pixels, then (because we start counting from 0) the top left-most pixel in the image is at (X=0, Y=0) and the bottom right-most pixel is at (X=639, Y=479).

If you want to select the top left quarter of an image that is 640 x 480 pixels, click the mouse at (X=0, Y=0) and drag it to (X=319, Y=239).  [Remember that because we started counting at 0, we end at 1 less than 320 and 240.]  Then choose Image > Crop and you'll have a new image that contains just the top left quarter of the original image.  You can save this new image as a separate image in the usual way.

When all is done, choose Options > Preferences, click on the Interface tab, then return the Measurement Unit drop-down box to InchOtherwise your printing dimensions will be shown in pixels!

REMEMBER YOU CAN UNDO

Press Control-Z (or select Edit > Undo) to reverse the last action that you performed.  Not all actions can be reversed.  If you are not able to Undo the last action, the Undo option will be displayed in grey and is not accessible.

Be aware that if you click on the Eraser in the Tool Bar, everything in your image will be erased.  If you erase an image accidentally, simply press Control-Z.